Spending no fuel, paying no toll, going wherever you want!
This is the first article I write to talk about something that I have devoted myself since my youth: Technology. What I will propose is somewhat strange to many people, even those who deal daily with technology, designs and inventions. But this is the goal: to bring the matter to the discussion and try to add to it new ideas or concepts. If you have any idea about it, please comment. If you disagree with something, comment too, but explain why. I do not seek notoriety or making money with this idea. My intention is that the idea will spread and more and more people begin to think of the possibilities of developing an air vehicle with the concepts shown here.
Is it possible? Well, I think so. There are some elements and tecnologies that we use in everyday life which can be used to achieve this goal. Have you ever heard about Helium gas and its properties? Helium, as Argon, Xenon and the neon is a noble gas, that is, is a chemically stable and not explosive element. It is also the lightest element of Nature after Hydrogen. A balloon filled with 1 cubic meter of helium can lift off the ground 1 kg of load. If you drop it, it will rise and rise and reach the higher layers of the atmosphere then, it will probably explode and helium, now free, will continue moving away from the planet. By controlling the weight of load or the amount of Helium is possible to maintain the balloon in a specific level. More Helium it goes up, more load it comes down. Thus, a 6 m diameter balloon can lift about 160 Kg of load.
No one, yet, has given due attention to this. Would it be possible, using the proper applied technology, to control the flight without increasing or decreasing the amount of Helium or discarding some load? Plus, would it be possible to control the direction of flyght no matter of the wind direction? Would it be possible to control how fast the vehicle goes up or down? Would it be possible to choose the moment of takeoff or landing? Would it be possible to control the cruising speed?
What if we tried to heat the Helium? I wonder if somebody has ever tried this. Imagine a vehicle shaped like a balloon full of helium not enough to get off the ground, but almost close to it. The helium is at the ambient temperature. Similarly the way we heat the air in a hot air balloon to make it go up we could heat the Helium for the same reason. But not using fire as they do in the hot air balloons. How about if we use electronic devices to heat the Helium? Much energy is required to ionize helium, but not so much to ionize the Neon or Xenon.Much energy is required to ionize helium, but not so much to ionize the Neon or Xenon. The neon light is widely used in advertising signs and the xenon is widely used in electronic flahes for photography and strobe lights. Both produce a very bright light and get very hot when ionized. Because they are heavier than helium, if placed in the same container will remain at the bottom separated from the helium like water and oil. Thus, it is very easy to ionize them electronically and once ionized, their heat will be transmitted to helium, which will also stay warm.
A single high voltage pulse, less than one millisecond, is sufficient to ionise the xenon. Thirty pulses per second will produce rapid heating and the vehicle will take off. The side effect of this procedure will be a strong light, almost blinding, each time the vehicle takes off. To keep the vehicle in a specific altitude, it is necessary to maintain the temperature of the helium at a specific value, sending a pulse every two or three seconds. The warmer is helium, the higher vehicle will remain. This can be accomplished using sensors properly positioned in the gas container, which are connected to the heating control unit which in turn sends high voltage pulses at regular intervals to the ionizer circuit. Sensors detect a decrease or increase in temperature and inform the heating control unit which will reduce or increase the frequency of the pulses. It is therefore a self-regulating system. The operator only needs to adjust the device to the desired altitude.
Eleven years ago, in 2003, I did some experiments in electronic circuits and developed one in particular, called lifter. The project is not of my own, I copied the schemes of Jean Louis Naudin (JLN Labs) site. A lifter consists of an asymmetric capacitor which is connected to a source of high voltage (30 kV), which sends pulses at a frequency of 15,750 KHz. But in my experiment I changed things up a bit: insert some components that allow me to adjust the frequency making it possible to obtain any frequency between 1 KHz and 24 KHz on a continuous scale. A lifter, as the name implies, is made to rise, but has a greatly reduced capacity. In fact, he is only able to lift himself and no greater cargo than ten percent of its own weight. After many experiments, I started using the lifter in the horizontal position, not to lift anything, but to get some thrust, like a propulsion system. I was very surprised when, by testing various frequencies, at one point the lifter jumped (had an incredible thrust) on a nearby frequency of 8 kHz.
This ‘leap’ was an exact frequency, neither more nor less than a very specific point, but I can not say what exactly was this frequency because at the time I did not have a frequency meter, but I know by calculations with a margin of error that was close to 8KHz. As I increased or decreased the frequency of the pulses sent to the lifter, using a sliding control, there was a very strict point where the ‘jump’ occurred. Point out that, in any other part of the scale, the lifter had a normal thrust, he wanted to fly away but could not because it was hanging by a thread. But when the exact frequency was found, the lifter appeared to have been fired just like a projectile. When in operation, the lifter produces a wind. It is an ionic wind and it behaves as if charged with static electricity and gives off a distinctive smell of ionized air. It is because of this wind that I named this article as “WIND OF CHANGE“. I really do hope that this would be the Wind of Change. Now, try to imagine that if the vehicle is at a given elevation, stable and without obstacles ahead, you just need to apply it a thrust and it will move.
Well, so far we know that it is possible to take off the vehicle, without spending fuel. We already know that it is possible to control the takeoff and landing as well as cruising altitude. We also know that it is possible to use an electrostatic propulsion system. But there are still some problems to be solved. First, we know how to warm the helium, but we do not know how to cool it. You must expect helium to cool by itself. Or we can do a search to find ways to cool the helium quickly. This will improve maneuverability. Since this type of vehicle will move within the Earth’s atmosphere, it can take advantage of the laws of aerodynamics. This vehicle probably will behave somewhat differently from conventional aircraft. He will helm wings but not necessarily, but if used properly, lifters can replace the helm. Its navigation mode will be more like a ship or submarine than an airplane.
Remember the priest who flew balloons in 2008? Yeah, I believe that despite his flight instructor said he was irresponsible and reckless, he was trying to convey a message. And what was that message? It is possible using the appropriate technology, to go from one point to another within the planet without spending fuel and without paying toll. Imagine the implications of an information like that. When I heard the news of the ‘accident‘ this was the first thing I thought. I also believe that he has been shot down and not suffered an unfortunate accident because he was too controversial. On his fateful flight, the sky was heavily overcast and low clouds, which would facilitate the action of an Air Force fighter. No one would ever notice. The mass media made sure to convey an image that the priest was a crazy and irresponsible. But did not mention that a few months before he had made a successful flight, taking off in Ampere / Paraná and landing in the Argentine territory safely. The media used the technique of disqualification of the person and the great mass of the population ignorant of the facts and without any knowledge about aerial navigation, easily believed the version of the mad priest.
This paragraph was written in respect and honor of priest Adelir Antonio de Carli who died in 2008 trying to break a record of flight in gas balloons.
The drawing above in PDF file